Standardized Test Types

Article Contents

Low-stakes Tests

Low-stakes testing is a form of assessment encompassed by the immediate process of learning, often in a very short feedback loop, such as exercises or quizzes. Sometimes this is called “formative” standardized testing or even just “feedback”. The essential characteristics are immediacy and the lack of serious consequences contingent on performance.

formative tests are generally considered as low-stakes tests that have low or no point value. The goal of a formative test is to monitor student learning to provide ongoing feedback that can be used by instructors to recognize where students are struggling and address problems immediately and by students to identify their strengths and weaknesses and target areas that need work. Examples of formative tests include:

Low-stakes Tests: Setting

Low-stakes tests and formative tests often take place in one of the following contexts:

Low-stakes Tests: Issues to consider

High-stakes Test

High-stakes testing has consequences that may make a serious impact on the life-course of the participant. An example might be a university entrance examination or high school exit exams. It is important that a high-stakes standardized testing be fair to all candidates and not offer advantages to one group over another. summative tests are considered as high-stakes tests and have a high point value. The goal of summative tests is to evaluate student learning at the end of an instructional unit by comparing it against some standard or benchmark. Information from summative standardized testings can be used formatively when students or faculty use it to guide their efforts and activities in subsequent courses. Examples of summative tests include:

High-stakes Test: Setting

High-stakes tests and summative tests often take place in one of the following contexts:

High-stakes Test: Issues to consider

Self Assessment

Self assessment evaluate one’s actions, attitudes or performance at a job or learning task considered in relation to an objective standard.

Self Assessmen: Setting

Self Assessment: Issues to consider